Want to make the most of your garden this year and prevent food waste? Here are some easy ways to start drying greens that you didn’t even realize that you could eat!
A Guide to Preserving and Drying Greens From Your Garden
If you follow my blog regularly, you already know that my garden received a fair share of hail this year. On top of that, we seem to have a problem with grasshoppers, flea beetles, and hornworms. It’s not been a great summer for the garden!
Despite those issues, I’m still determined to save as much food from the garden as I can. One of our goals is also to preserve that food in a way that is shelf stable. I tend to rely too much on the freezer for preservation and since we don’t know how often or for how long the power will go out this winter (we only know that it’s frequently from what a neighbor said), it’s better for us to stick with foods that we can preserve in other ways which is why this year’s focus is on Canning, Dehydrating, and storing things in the Root Cellar.
Today I want to share with you a couple of things, what foods I am dehydrating and drying and how.
Greens That You Can Eat
When we grow a garden, we tend to grow if for the varieties of foods that we know….tomatoes, carrots, beets, etc. And when we grow these things, we tend to eat only the parts that we are familiar with, usually the root or the flower.
Of course, we all know to eat the leaves o things like lettuce and spinach, but what about all those other wonderful greens that your garden is producing? Are you really going to let the chickens or the compost pile have all of that?
Here are some greens that you need to try drying this year to make the most of your garden.
Drying Carrot Greens
The root of the carrot is just part of these little vegetables tastiness, you can also eat the greens! These can be eaten fresh, or they can be dried and stored to eat later.
There is a rumor that carrot tops are poisonous, but they actually aren’t. The only reason you would need to avoid the tops is if you are allergic to birch pollen or mugwort pollen.
Carrot greens provide a variety of nutrients such as Vitamin C, magnesium, calcium, fiber, and also potassium, iron, and Vitamin A. (Source) They can be used in many different ways and are very easy to dry and preserve.
Typically, carrot greens are best used as a garnish or a small add-in to a meal and not eaten in large quantities (they can be rather bitter). But however you want to utilize this green is up to you!
Start by taking several of the carrot greens and tying them together. I just used yarn to do this. I tied mine together with the carrots still on, and then cut off the carrots once they were tied in a bunch.
Then wash the carrot greens as well as you can. You may be surprised at how much dirt comes out, even when they look clean!
Dry the carrot tops as well as you can on paper towels or on a clean cloth.
Hang the carrot tops upside down in a warm, dry place where they can dry undisturbed for at least a week. If you have high humidity in your area (or use an air conditioner in your home), they may take longer. Do not take them down until they are completely dry and crispy.
When you finally do take the dried carrot tops down, use your fingers to carefully remove the leaves from the stems. Save the pieces of leaves and toss the stems to your chickens.
Store the dried carrot top greens in a mason jar with a plastic screw-type lid until needed. Be sure and label your jar so you don’t forget what dried green is in there!
How to Use Carrot Greens
Here are some of the ways that you can use your dried carrot greens:
- Sprinkle it over baked potatoes.
- Add into sauces for a nutrition boost.
- Make Carrot Top Pesto (replace the nuts with beans or seeds for a more frugal version).
- Add into soups.
Drying Broccoli Leaves
I will admit, this is one of my favorite greens to dry and to use! Why? The broccoli plants produce an abundance of huge leaves (if you have a healthy plant), and the broccoli flowers (the part we typically eat), is just a small part of that plant. Broccoli leaves are easy to dry and store and you can get a large amount from one plant.
Broccoli leaves contain even more vitamin C and calcium than the main part of the broccoli that we normally eat. If broccoli is a superfood, the greens are an extra superfood!
The best part is that they taste similar to broccoli but a little milder. They can be used in many different ways after they are dried (or while they are fresh too!) and since their flavor is so mild, they are easy to use an abundance of.
You can cut and use the broccoli leaves while the plant is still growing, or you can cut the leaves after you are done with the plant for the season. Either way is fine, just don’t cut too many leaves while the plant is still growing.
Start by cutting off the fresh leaves from the plant with a sharp Paring Knife. I always use my Rada Knives! As you collect the leaves, tie them together with a big of yarn so you have a bunch. I usually tie about 10 leaves together. Only select leaves that look nice and healthy, not ones with pest damage. Also, steer clear from leaves that you might have sprayed with pesticides.
Once you have a bunch or several bunches, wash the leaves the best you can to remove any dirt or bugs from them before drying. I find that broccoli leaves are usually pretty clean so a gentle rinse is really all they need.
Tie these leaves up in a warm, dry place so that they can dry. Like the carrot tops, these will take about a week to be fully dry unless your home is very humid or you use air conditioning. Just keep an eye on the broccoli leaves and take them down once they are dried.
When they are fully dried and ready to be stored away, use your fingers to remove the leafy part from the stem that goes down the middle of the leaf. Place these dried broccoli leaf pieces into a mason jar with a plastic screw-type lid until needed. Be sure and label your jar so you don’t forget what dried green is in there!
If you want to dry broccoli leaves faster, you can put them in the dehydrator. They only take about 4-6 hours to dry completely.
How to Use Broccoli Greens
As I mentioned above, broccoli greens have a pretty mild flavor that tastes somewhat like broccoli so they are very easy to add into many different things. Here are our favorite ways to use them:
- Add them into stir fry.
- Blend them into a smoothie.
- Add them into a casserole (like this Amish Chicken Casserole).
- Find a bunch more recipes with Broccoli Greens here.
Drying Collards, Cauliflower Leaves, Beet Greens, or Turnip Greens
For the above types of greens and leaves, I use the same method for drying as I do for the broccoli greens. If I happen to have space in my dehydrator and the leaves of the beets or turnips are very small, I might use that instead of hanging them to dry.
You can use all of these greens dried in the same way that you would use the broccoli leaves.
Ok, I know this isn’t a leafy green, but it’s still a green vegetable and deserves a place on this list!
Typically, we shred and freeze zucchini to store it for future dishes, but this year I am drying my zucchini to have a shelf-stable product that we can use in the same way.
Start by preparing your dehydrator. If you have fruit leather sheets for your dehydrator, use those over the trays. If not, you can cover the trays with parchment paper.
Shred the zucchini and add it to the trays in an even layer. I put mine on pretty thick so it will take a while to dry but if you have a lot to do at once, you can do this as long as the layer is even and you dry the zucchini until it’s brittle.
Set your dehydrator on the highest setting (150 degrees) and dry for at least 24 hours. If your zucchini is not completely dry and brittle, continue drying as needed.
Crumble the dried, shredded zucchini into a mason jar with a plastic screw-type lid until needed. Be sure and label your jar. I can fill 2 quart jars (or one half gallon) with all 6 trays of my dehydrator full (about 1 zucchini on each tray).
How to Use Dried Zucchini
You can use dried zucchini in the same way that you would use frozen zucchini, but instead of squeezing the extra moisture out, you will need to add a little water back in to help “reconstitute” the zucchini. Once you’ve done that, you can proceed to add it to all my favorite zucchini recipes such as:
- Easy Cinnamon Zucchini Cake Recipe
- Zucchini Cookie Recipe
- Chocolate Chip Zucchini Cookie Bars
- The Best Zucchini Muffin Recipe
- Recipe for Zucchini Brownies
- Homemade Zucchini Bread Recipe
- Chocolate Zucchini Muffins Recipe
I find kale a little hard to use up when it’s growing in the garden so it’s nice to have a way to preserve it to use later. Drying is an easy way to do this and it helps the kale leaves from taking up so much space in your kitchen.
We already have a post on Drying Kale here on Little House Living. You can follow it here. I like to use this method instead of hanging the leaves to dry because they dry very quickly (in only a few hours!) and the leaves are really too little to hang dry.
I use dried kale in the same way that I use broccoli leaves:
- Add them into stir fry.
- Blend them into a smoothie.
- Add them into a casserole.
I grow quite a bit of Tatsoi and I dry that in the same way that I dry kale.
Dried Onion Tops
While not a “leafy green” this is still another vegetable that can be eaten and is typically discarded. While you can pull a few onion tops at any time during the growing process (as long as you leave something there for the plant to collect sunlight), it’s easiest to remove the tops when you are ready to cure the onion for winter storage.
To do this you will want to cut the onion greens off about 1-2 inches from the bulb. Place them on some kind of tray in a warm area to let them dry (I like to use my Solar Drying Rack for this). I don’t like to put any part of the onion in my dehydrator in the house because it’s very hard to get the smell out once you’ve done it.
Once the tops are completely dry and brittle, grind them up in the food processor or blender and you’ve got a great onion powder that you can use in recipes.
There may be several other greens that you can dry and enjoy from the garden but these are the ones that we dry regularly and know are good! You can also dry lettuce, spinach, and other basic greens as well (I just usually don’t grow much of those so we don’t dry them).
Have you tried drying greens? What do you dry? What do you make with it?